Everyone has to start somewhere, right? So here are a few basics that you need to know for good photography.
Please note I’m using a DSLR camera – the Nikon D3000.
Basic Photography Lingo
ISO: International Organisation for Standardization. It’s the sensitivity of the camera sensor to lighting in the environment in which you’re taking photographs. The higher the sensitivity, the less light you need for good exposure.
To adjust the ISO on the Nikon D3000: Press the i button on the back of the camera to bring up the information screen. Use the multi-selector to highlight ISO sensitivity and choose from 100 up to 1600. Remember, the highest number will work best in darker areas.
Aperture: Or also known as the f-stop, controls the lighting that’s passed through the lens. So, the lens has an opening that can be controlled to determine the volume of light that’s passed through. Typically, you’ll be able to change it from f/4 until f/22.
To adjust the Aperture on the Nikon D3000 camera: Press the +/- button at the top of the camera, keep hold of it whilst you use the wheel/scroller on the top right hand side of screen.
Shutter Speed: This controls the time that light is allowed to touch the sensor. A fast shutter speed can capture the most intricate moments – such as the significant details in a wave, whilst a slow shutter speed may show a slow and steady progression of an object, such as capturing the visual movement of car lights at night time.
To adjust the shutter speed on the Nikon D3000 camera:Â Use the wheel/scroller adjusting it from ‘bulb’ (a long exposure that is controlled by the photographer that’s holding the shutter down) all the way to 1/4000 of a second.
Beginner Tips Put Into Practice
Keeping my camera on ISO 400 and 1/320 sec I adjusted the aperture as a test. From left to right, I used f3.5 then f5.6 and finally f8. Be aware that this will utterly depend on your environment and the lighting that’s surrounding you so be sure to test it out. It’s all about trial and error at this stage.
Scenery, Food and People Shots
On a lovely sunny Saturday I visited KERB Market and took these pictures. As it was sunny, there was lots of light and therefore I’ve experimented with the aperture by keeping it as high as possible, such as choosing f/12 or higher. I’d also recommend using an ISO of 200 on a very sunny day – or find shade where possible!
A Movement Photography Shot
Use an ISO of 400 with 1/30 seconds and f/32. Follow the figure that’s moving with your camera as you take the shot. As I’ve slowed down the shutter speed it gives the photography a sense of movement. Thanks for teaching me this Paul Hames at the Simply Health Photography event – I’m so proud of the shot above 🙂
I’m just a beginner myself so let me know if you have any tips!